About Las Vegas
The College of Southern Nevada (CSN) is located on three main campuses in residential areas around the Las Vegas valley, a metropolitan area with a population of over 2 million people, 5 hours by car from Southern California and Los Angeles. The city lies in a valley surrounded by scenic mountains and hosts a year-round desert climate. Popular nearby tourist attractions are Lake Tahoe and Lake Mead (the largest man-made lake in the U.S.), Lake Mojave, the Mt. Charleston Recreation Area, Red Rock Canyon, and the Death Valley National Monument. Within a few hours in any direction are ski resorts, lakes for water sports, and some of America's most famous scenic attractions, including the Grand Canyon, Hoover Dam, Zion National Park and many other national parks in Arizona.
Las Vegas, like any other large metropolitan area, offers libraries, museums, theater, art exhibits and parks which are enjoyed and supported by the diverse Southern Nevada population. As one of the fastest-growing areas in the United States, Southern Nevada is an example of modern urban living. Between April 1990 and April 2000, the Las Vegas metropolitan area population increased by 83%, growing from 852,737 to 1,563,282.
Las Vegas enjoys a mild year-round climate, yet there are noticeable seasonal differences. The annual average temperature is 79 degrees, but it is not unusual for the mercury to hit the 110 degree mark during the summer and dip into the 30s in the winter. Annual rainfall amounts to only 3.5 inches, much of it falling in the winter when it is snowing in the nearby mountains.
Las Vegas has a favorable business climate: taxes are relatively low, and there is neither city nor state income taxes. This is because gambling and sales taxes, paid by tourists, have allowed the city and state governments to avoid personal and corporate income taxes.
The area was discovered by Spanish explorers in 1829. The site of Las Vegas (“The Meadows” in Spanish) was originally a watering place for travelers on their way to southern California. It was first settled by Mormons in 1855, who were attracted by its artesian springs. They abandoned their settlement two years later in 1857, and the U.S. Army established Fort Baker there in 1864. In 1867, Las Vegas was detached from the Arizona Territory and joined with Nevada.
The town was established and started to grow with the arrival of the railroad in 1905. However, its growth did not really take off until shortly after 1931, when the Nevada legislature legalized gambling in an effort to lift the state from the Great Depression. The construction of nearby Hoover Dam aided the area economically as well.
The Las Vegas that we know today basically began after World War II, when the idea of large hotels along the brand new “strip” was developed. Las Vegas is the “marriage capital” of America; there are 50 wedding chapels in the city. Tourism and the convention industry are the city's major sources of income. In addition, manufacturing, government, warehousing, and trucking are major sources of employment. Many high-technology companies are also located in Las Vegas.
LV Chamber of Commerce Information
About the State of Nevada